“Dizziness” is somewhat of an unprecise term, because the causes of dizziness are varied. Literally millions of people in the United States alone suffer from dizziness. Some only go through occasional dizzy spells, while others suffer from very severe forms of dizziness. Dizziness can be caused by a wide variety of underlying disorders. Consequently, to find out how to stop dizziness, you need to determine the cause of your dizziness with the help of a medical professional. Check out an amazing infographic created by vestibular.org to better understand what your dizziness is about:
Don't hesitate to visit their website as contains a lot of great information and various social initiatives.

Dizziness Statistics

A recent study into the occurrence of vestibular disorder – one of the major cause of dizziness – has indicated that as many of 69 million Americans aged 40 and older have suffered from some form of vestibular disorder. Further research indicated that 8 million American experience balance problems and a further 2.4 million regularly suffer from dizziness.

These staggering statistics highlight the importance of dealing with dizziness to first and foremost identify the underlying cause and ultimately find ways of overcoming this often highly debilitating disorder.

Dizziness Symptoms

People experience dizziness in a variety of ways. 

You may be suffering from lightheadedness, feel that you are going to pass out, your surroundings may be spinning or appear to be moving, you may feel exhausted or extremely weak, your balance may seem disturbed, you may be feeling nauseous or feel like vomiting or you may have chest pains or a severe headache or feel pressure on your head.

Possible Causes

A wide variety of medical conditions produce symptoms of dizziness, including:

  • Vestibular disorders with symptoms like vertigo (disease of the balance organ in the inner ear)
  • Heart disease
  • Blood pressure disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Dementia
  • Side-effects of medication
  • Anxiety
  • Low blood sugar levels
  • Dehydration
  • Metabolism disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Severe allergies
If you frequently suffer from dizzy spells, seeking medical attention is of utmost importance.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Dizziness may be the first indication of a major health issue. Seek immediate medical assistance if you experience one of the following (or check out the post about Home Remedies for Vertigo here):

  • Very severe dizziness
  • Sudden dizziness without any cause
  • New and unusual dizziness patterns
  • Dizziness occurring after taking medication
  • Feverishness
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fainting
  • Slurred speech or drooping facial muscles

It’s not advisable to ignore dizziness under any circumstances. Even if the doctor later identifies a minor health issues, medical attention must always be sought.

DIZZINESS TESTS

The doctor will examine you thoroughly and send you for a MRI or CT scan if she/he suspects you are having a heart attack or stroke or have suffered a severe blow to your head.

Initially, the doctor will ask you about your medical history, symptoms, and current prescribed medication. 

Subsequently, the doctor will examine your balance and the function of your central nervous system by having you undergo a series of tests, including:

  • Eye Movement Test: The doctor will examine the motion of your eyes. She/he may also put cold or warm water into your ears during this test.
  • Head Movement Test: If the doctor suspects that you are suffering from a vestibular disorder or vertigo, she/he will do the Dix-Hallpike test with you. In essence, your head movement will be examined to confirm, or contradict the suspected diagnosis. Also, you can check out this video that demonstrates positive Head Impulse Test (HIT) in women with vestibular neuritis.
  • Rotary Chair Test: During this test, you will be sitting on a rotating office chair. At lower speeds, the chair will rotate 360° and at faster speed only back and forth a fraction of a full circle.
  • Electronystagmography (ENG): During these test, electrodes are placed to monitor eye movements or examine the inner ear in an effort to diagnose or rule out vestibular disorders or vertigo.

These are some of the tests set to determine the causes of dizziness, there are several other types of examinations the doctor may carry out. If she/he suspects that your dizziness is cause by anxiety, she/he may look give you a psychological assessment.

The doctor is also likely to do some blood tests and check your heart the blood vessels.

TREATMENTS

In some instance, the doctor may feel that the underlying issue causing the dizziness will resolve itself and alleviate any symptoms. If, however, the doctor has identified the cause of the dizziness to be a specific medical issue, the treatment will depend on the underlying cause.

If you are suffering from heart disease or have had a stroke, the doctor may suggest surgery. 

When dizziness is caused by dehydration, the doctor may put you on an intravenous drip to restore hydration levels. 

Patients who have contracted a virus causing dizziness may be prescribed anti-viral drugs, while those whose dizziness stems from blood pressure disorders will receive suitable medication.

If you are suffering from a vestibular disorder or vertigo, the doctor is likely to prescribe specific medication for this condition.

The doctor will treat the underlying cause, whatever it may be, and she/he may also prescribe medication to alleviate dizziness symptoms. Because some people may feel nauseous during dizzy spells, they may also be given anti-nausea medication.

THERAPEUTIC TREATMENTS

A number of non-medication, non-surgical treatments are also quite common, including:

  • Head Position Exercises (Semont and Epley Maneuvers): Some doctors treat dizziness by repositioning the head during one or two treatments.
  • Balance Exercises: People diagnosed with vestibular disorders may also benefit from balance therapy.
  • Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy is prescribed if the underlying causes are of a psychological nature.
  • Antibiotic Injection: The doctor may administer an antibiotic injection to the affected ear to treat vestibular disorders.
  • Surgery: On rare occasions the doctor may advise surgery on the inner ear if no other treatment has been effective.

HOME TREATMENT – WHAT TO DO IF YOU ARE EXPERIENCING A DIZZY SPELL

Check out our complete guide on home-based vertigo treatment.

Once you have sought medical advice, you may still need to cope with dizzy spells. Experts recommend the following

  • Bear in mind that you may experience a dizzy spell
  • Move more slowly, particularly when standing up and sitting down
  • Sit or lie down if you are feeling dizzy
  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated
  • Don’t drive or operate machinery when feeling dizzy
  • Trip or fall proof your environment
  • If experiencing nausea along with dizziness, take over-the-counter anti-nausea tablets
  • Avoid salt, nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol
In many instances, dizziness can be overcome quite easily and is only temporary. Nevertheless, seeking medical advice is essential even if you are confident of being in overall good health.

Post by:

Pavel Kotlykov

Hi! I'm the creator of this website. It's the project of my heart. I intend to share what I've learned to bring my own life to balance. I've been educating myself for the past several years in order to understand a bigger picture with research, interviews, and many self-experiments. Dizziness is only a surface symptom of a very complex ocean of underlying imbalances. Causes are always deeply interconnected so we cannot change anything while we view the problem separate from our lifestyle, emotional intelligence, and capacity to remain mentally stable. Yes, we must address physical issue as soon as possible but it is immensely unwise to leave it there. I know that this idea of holistic and inclusive approach might seem incomprehensible for many. But I believe that until we realize and accept that every part of our life is connected to every other part, and to all, we will be chasing our own tail of treating the surface. I hope you found what you've been looking for. If yes, please consider subscribing to our newsletter further down this page. If you haven't found an answer, check out other blog posts here, or leave a comment below.

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